Pain is an unpleasant or uncomfortable sensation in the body. Everyone has had their fair share of pain, but some levels of pain require medical intervention when supersede the normal. Most times, people deal with pain by taking painkillers, and this usually works. But some pain can prove resistant to painkillers, and once you start experiencing that kind of pain, it warrants medical intervention.
Acute pain refers to the sharp pangs pain that cut through the body sharply, usually not lasting for long. They can be caused by a number of things. Some may be as a result of surgery, a dental procedure or even broken bones. Labor and child delivery can also cause acute pain. With time, acute pain should pass away, especially once its cause has been treated. But in some cases, the pain can linger longer than it should. When it crosses that line, it is referred to as chronic pain.
Chronic pain is aggravated acute pain, although sometimes it can be a dull, ever- present pain. It can last for varied periods of time; sometimes it can even last for years. Chronic pain can start as acute pain, but even after the underlying cause of the pain has been dealt with, nerves continue transmitting pain signals to the brain.
Chronic pain has both physical and emotional effects on an individual. Physical effects include limited mobility, tense muscles, lack of appetite and loss of energy. Because of these sudden limitations that continuous pain imposes on victims, they tend to be irritable and depressed. Short temper might become evident where it was non- existent before. Some may however be attacked by bouts of anxiety and extreme fear of injury. This emotional stress might be reason enough to disrupt the everyday life of those affected, as they might be unable to go to work.
Acute and Chronic pain can assume different forms. There are people who will complain of throbbing headaches every now and then. For some, it might be persistent pain in the lower back. People suffering from arthritis are also likely to suffer chronic pain. Chronic pain could also be neurogenic or psychogenic pain.
The origins of chronic pain can be varied, but sometimes, it is difficult to pin point the cause of the pain. This is not the case with acute pain, where after the cause of the pain has been treated, the sharp pains cease to attack the individual. Chronic pain can result from an infection, or even trauma, although there is always the possibility of the source of the pain remaining mysterious for a long time.
Painkillers are the ideal treatment for pain, most of which can be bought as over the counter drugs. With acute or chronic pain however, one may have to undergo a medical procedure to put the pain to an end. Medication can be an injection of localized anesthesia to numb the nerves around the affected area. Nerve blocks may also be administered by your healthcare provider to keep the pain in check.
Treatment can also take the form of acupuncture, such as electrical stimulation, physical therapy, psychotherapy or even surgery. Sometimes, relaxation techniques may help lower the levels of pain. Most often, different kinds of treatment are combined to increase their efficiency.
When unexplained pain becomes a part of your life, it is important that you visit your doctor so that you can be checked and treated early enough. The earlier you get medical assistance, the less you will have to endure pain.